Types of Explosion Injuries

Explosion injuries typically present unique problems for emergency medical personnel, mostly because it rarely occurs and encompasses a whole range of injuries. There are four types of explosion injuries, and an individual can suffer all four of them if they happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Primary

Injuries that result from the initial percussive shock wave are called primary injuries. Pressure and duration being equal, the nearer an individual is from the point of an explosion’s origin, the more massive the damage. The most commonly affected parts of the human anatomy by the sudden overpressure are the ears, lungs, stomach, and intestines. External damage is not often observable, but there are significant internal injuries. Most people injured in an explosion but who get out alive die shortly after from the effects of primary injuries.

Secondary

Secondary injuries refer to shrapnel and debris produced from the destruction of objects by the force of an explosion. These materials are propelled at great speed and distances, and can result in penetrating injuries. A majority of injuries resulting from an explosion are secondary in nature, because it has a wider range.

Tertiary

Aside from objects, the force of an explosion can also throw people a considerable distance, depending on the size of the explosion and the proximity of the individual. These injuries can result in blunt force trauma i.e. thrown against a wall or penetrating damage. Children are particularly vulnerable because of their lesser weight.

Quaternary

This is the “miscellaneous” of the bunch. These include injuries that cannot be classified under the other three types such as psychiatric damage. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a common quaternary explosion injury.

If you sustained any type of injury from an explosion accident that could have been prevented but for the negligence of a third party, you may be able to get compensation for what you have suffered. Contact a personal injury lawyer in your area for an initial consultation.

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